Bardia National Park was established in 1988 as Royal Bardia National Park and covers around 968 sq. km of area. Adjoined by the eastern bank of the Karnali River and bisected by the Babai river, this national park is located in the Bardiya district in the Terai region of Nepal. It is easily accessible via road transport or by flight from Kathmandu.
The majority of the area of Bardia National Park comprises alluvial grasslands along with subtropical deciduous forests. 70% of the area is covered by forests with a mixture of grassland, savanna, and riverine vegetation. The park inhabits a wide range of species of floras and faunas. 839 species of flora and 642 species of faunas have been recorded in this park with 125 species of fish, 23 species of reptiles and amphibians, 53 species of mammals, 407 species of birds.
Rhinoceros, wild elephant, Bengal tiger, swamp deer, rusty-spotted cat, fishing cat, and Gangetic dolphin are popular mammals found here.
Bengal florican, white-rumped vulture, peafowl, and bar-headed geese are the major attraction of the park. While, Lesser florican and Sarus crane are present; Grey-crowned Prinia, jungle Prinia, pale-footed bush warbler, aberrant bush warbler, striated grassbird, golden-headed cisticola, and chestnut-capped babbler reside in the grasslands of Bardia National Park.